There are several problems and diseases caused by dental implants. These are usually very annoying, painful and usually occur in the healing stage or recovery already advanced due to various causes. In this post, we will tell you everything you need to know about them, how you should treat and prevent them. Let us begin.
Increase in cases of peri-implant diseases
The placement of dental implants to replace teeth that have not been restored or have fallen out is one of the widely used alternatives. These can be placed by different specialists in the field of dentistry. The most common are periodontists, maxillofacial surgeons, implantology experts and general dentists. Unlike what many people think, dental implants require the same attention and hygiene as natural teeth. Otherwise, the success of the treatment will be affected.
In recent years, the percentage of people with dental diseases has increased. But the number of those suffering from peri-implantation diseases has also grown. According to experts 1 in 5 people who have a dental implant will end up developing one of these diseases, for not following the basic care required.
Diseases caused by dental implants
Dental implants are an excellent alternative when there is no choice but to replace the actual parts. It is an element that, in addition to maintaining the aesthetics of your mouth, allows it to retain its functionality. They are very resistant and durable, and in most cases their placement is successful. But sometimes complications may occur after surgery. Peri-implant diseases are those that are closely related to dental implants and usually appear between 5 and 7 years after the placement of the false tooth. These can be divided into two stages:
It is a disease very similar to gingivitis. It occurs when soft tissues or mucosa around the implant become inflamed. It is a completely reversible condition that turns out to be quite common among patients. It is important to mention that it does not involve bone loss, so the implant will remain fixed.
Some of its most common symptoms are:
- Swollen gums
- Bleeding gums
- Redness of the periodontal tissue adjacent to the implant.
- Pus secretion
The main cause of mucositis is the accumulation of bacterial plaque in the area. This is produced by:
- Poor dental hygiene: By not completely removing the remains of food, they accumulate between the teeth favoring the development of bacteria. It is important that you have a good brushing technique and also use floss and mouthwash to prevent this problem.
- Tobacco use: Tobacco use severely affects implant healing. This substance decreases the amount of blood flow in the gums which causes the appearance of tartar and the accumulation of bacteria. In addition, in the long term it can cause inflammation and tenderness in the gums.
- By genetics: There are some people who are prone to develop periodontal diseases, which can cause problems with dental implants. Those with diabetes can also have gum problems.
This disease can also appear when the implant is not placed correctly on or meets the characteristics required for the patient.
If mucositis is not detected and treated correctly it is likely to become periimplantitis. This has a great resemblance to periodontitis. This condition not only affects the soft tissues surrounding the dental implant, but also the hard ones. That is, the bone that holds the fake piece can be affected. Periimplantitis is much more severe than mucositis, so it can leave a series of aesthetic sequelae. One of them is the recession of the gums.
Mucositis and periimplantitis, are the diseases caused by dental implants and have very similar symptoms. The only thing that varies is their intensity. In addition to those of mucositis you will feel pain in the area and it is possible that your dental implant begins to mobilize due to bone loss.